The broad area of study known as “bio medical research” is concerned with discovering remedies and prevention measures for diseases that sicken and kill both people and animals. This large field of research encompasses several disciplines of the biological and physical sciences.
Biomedical researchers use biotechnology technologies to investigate biological systems and ailments with the ultimate goal of developing effective medicines and cures. As part of the evolutionary process that is biomedical research, many scientists, including biologists and chemists, must carefully experiment. To find new pharmaceuticals and therapies, extensive scientific research, development, and evaluation are required.
Why are animals used in biomedical research?
The use of animals in many types of research is essential for the development of new and improved approaches for discovering and treating diseases that affect both humans and animals. Scientists utilise animals to research health concerns and test the effectiveness of innovative medical therapies. Medical researchers must first appreciate health challenges before creating answers. Some diseases and health problems involve physiological systems that can only be studied in living beings. Animals are used in medical research because it is impractical or unethical to utilise humans.
There are various reasons why utilising animals as research subjects is advantageous. Animals and humans are connected physiologically. Because they have short life cycles and are susceptible to many of the same health conditions, it is straightforward to study them over their whole lifetimes or through numerous generations. Furthermore, unlike people, scientists can easily modify the environment around animals (food, temperature, lighting). The majority of people feel it would be wrong to purposely expose humans to health threats in order to investigate illness development, which is why animals are used in research.
Animal research is utilised to develop novel drugs and medical treatments for illnesses. Researchers using non-animal research methodologies might uncover such drugs and cures. Animals are employed to test the safety and effectiveness of new treatments if they seem promising. If the results of the animal tests are good, human volunteers are asked to participate in a clinical research. Animal studies are conducted initially to better understand the benefits and downsides that medical researchers are likely to observe in humans.
Many diverse animal species serve as excellent models for the study of disorders that affect both animals and humans. However, laboratory-bred rats, mice, and other rodents account for around 95% of research animals in the United States. Canines, felines, and primates account for less than 1% of all research animals.
Biomedical researchers must do their work in a caring, rational, and sensible manner. CBRA promotes respect to academic and professional groups’ ethical norms, as well as observation of legislation regulating the use of animals in research.
Researchers are always seeking for methods to reduce the number of animals needed to provide trustworthy results, enhance experimental procedures, and, when possible, replace animals with alternative research instruments.