Physical, chemical, biological, bioinformatics, and medical approaches are employed in molecular medicine to characterize molecular structures and processes, discover basic molecular and genetic mistakes of illness, and devise molecular therapies to fix them. Rather to the prior conceptual and observational emphasis on patients and their organs, the molecular medicine paradigm emphasizes cellular and molecular events and treatments.
Linus Pauling, Harvey Itano, and their colleagues established the science of molecular medicine in November 1949 with the landmark piece “Sickle Cell Anemia, a Molecular Disease” in Science magazine. Roger J. Williams published Biochemical Individuality in 1956, a foresighted book regarding genetics, illness prevention and treatment on a molecular level, and nutrition, which is today known as individualized medicine and orthomolecular medicine. Pauling proposed and characterized this approach of molecular medicine that focuses on natural and nutritious ingredients used for treatment and prevention in another work published in Science in 1968.
Until the “biological revolution” of the 1970s, which brought numerous new methods and commercial uses, published research and advancement were modest.
Surgery at the molecular level
Some scholars classify molecular surgery as a subset of molecular medicine.
Molecular medicine is a relatively recent scientific area at European universities. It provides a bridge between the two topics by combining modern medical research with the study of biochemistry. At the moment, only a few institutions offer the subject to undergraduates. A graduate with a degree in this area may pursue a career in medical sciences, scientific research, laboratory work, and postgraduate medical degrees.
Core subjects are comparable to biochemistry courses in that they include gene expression, research methodologies, proteins, cancer research, immunology, biotechnology, and many other topics. In some institutions, molecular medicine is taught alongside another field, such as chemistry, as a supplement to the undergraduate curriculum.