Integrative Medicine Research: Altering Sickness Management

With a focus on integrative medicine research, academics at AIIMS are investigating the potential of yoga to complement traditional therapies in cases where they prove ineffective. Discover the latest studies on how yoga may benefit individuals with syncope and migraine headaches, as published in renowned journals.

According to the cardiology journal (2021), yoga as an adjunctive therapy is superior to stand-alone standard therapy in reducing symptomatic burden and improving quality of life in patients with recurrent vasovagal syncope, which is a sudden drop in heart rate and blood pressure that results in fainting. According to a neurology journal paper, yoga is better to medical therapy alone for migraine patients, and it may be beneficial to include a safe and economical intervention like yoga into migraine care.

These two papers are among 21 that have lately been published in international scientific journals, sparking a renewed interest in yoga within the medical community. Furthermore, it gives legitimacy to the clinical investigations that have been ongoing for the last six years at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in Delhi. This confirms the importance of evidence-based integrative medicine in the future.

Clinical Trials

contribution of traditional medicine might benefit patients. Cardiology, gastrointestinal, pulmonology, internal medicine, neurology, psychiatry, gynaecology, community medicine, and cancer are among the departments. Yoga had already gained popularity before the Narendra Modi-led Central government started promoting it to place it on the map of global health; in fact, doctors at AIIMS had already initiated clinical study in 2012 to investigate what advantages yoga may have.

Formal scientific research on yoga began for the first time in the country in 2016 at the Centre for Integrative Medicine and Research (CIMR), which was established on the AIIMS-Delhi campus as part of the Ayush Centre of Excellence strategy. Minor advancements and interim discoveries from the departments of gynaecology, cardiology, neurology, and pulmonology are increasingly being confirmed by peer groups and global medical journals.

According to CIMR chairman Gautam Sharma, a cardiology professor at AIIMS, the purpose of the AIIMS project is to put yoga under an official protocol to offer therapeutic services to address different health concerns with an integrated medical system in place. For ages, people in India have done yoga. He stated that new suggestions to blend conventional and alternative therapies in ways that benefit the patient would be presented soon based on the Institute’s findings.

Integration Of Healthcare Services

According to a senior official of the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, traditional Ayurvedic therapy, homoeopathy, and yoga are “integral to healthcare” rather than “alternative” medicine, as is commonly asserted. The AIIMS study’s scientific findings are expected to align with the Centre’s goal of implementing a “One Nation, One Health System” approach by 2030.

Although yoga has long been known to guard against autonomic changes and cellular immune deterioration, modern medicine demands proof of therapeutic efficacy and safety. As a result, the CIMR team, which has been granted permission to employ yoga and Ayurveda doctors (previously, the AIIMS Act, Rules, and Notifications prohibited the employment of yoga therapists), is also employing cutting-edge modern techniques, such as MRIs and PET scans, as well as a variety of objective research methods to validate these traditional systems of medicine.

According to a feature on “The Future of Medicine” in a special 2021 edition of Medicina, the academic journal of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, integrative medicine is no longer a choice; it is now a mandate. Despite contemporary medical advances, epidemics and pandemics of noncommunicable, chronic, communicable, and infectious diseases have afflicted modern civilization. According to the research, these public health risks are, at least in part, related to behaviour and lifestyle.

Creating Guidelines

The World Health Organisation is currently developing standards for the application of Ayurveda, yoga, traditional Chinese medicine, meditation, herbal medicines, nutritional supplements, movement therapies, and other mind-body practises as part of Traditional Integrative Complementary Medicine (TCIM), which emphasises treating the “whole person” in order to achieve optimum health and healing.

Numerous studies at CIMR have demonstrated that individuals with heart failure, rhythm irregularities, and those recovering from heart attacks may benefit from simple, inexpensive yoga. Patients suffering with depression, sleep difficulties, diabetes, high blood pressure, and episodic migraines have reported reductions in the frequency, intensity, and duration of their symptoms. Prenatal yoga also helps pregnant women stay calm as their bodies change throughout pregnancy. The yoga programme includes slow and deep breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, and yogic postures that alter the autoimmune neurological system and improve patient perspective and quality of life.

The Ayush Ministry, the Departments of Biotechnology and Science and Technology, as well as the Indian Council of Medical study, all support and finance AIIMS’s continuing 10-year study. The AIIMS scientific community is presently investigating the protocols, mechanisms of action, and policy implications of integrative medicine.

Many drugs have side effects that cause around 10% of people to stop taking them, and modern healthcare is costly. According to Dr. Sharma, doctors will be able to determine the best sickness treatment options with the use of an integrated approach.
Perhaps the time has come for integrative medicine.

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